#)The Five Pillars of Islam, which is also called as arkan in Arabic,is nothing but the five ritual duties that mainstream Muslims view as central to their faith.
(1)Shahada or Kalima: Pronouncing the confession of faith
(2)Salat: Performing the five daily prayers
(3)Saum:Fasting during the month of Ramadan
(4)Zakat: Paying the alms tax
(5)Hajj: Performing, at least once in life, the major pilgrimage to Mecca
#)But in most places where Muslim is considered as the official religion, Muslims are not punished for failing to perform these duties.
#)But in some Islamic states, however, public denial by a Muslim of the validity, importance, or centrality of the five pillars is generally considered an act of heresy and it is also punishable by death.
#)The shahada is the Arabic statement
“La ilah illa Allah wa Muhammad rasul Allah,” which means
“There is no God but the one God and Muhammad is His prophet.”
#)But in the case of Shia Islam, they generally add to this the Arabic phrase “wa Ali Wali Allah,” meaning “and Ali ibn Abi Talib is the friend of God.”
#)In addition to this confession of faith, they are also supposed to express their belief in the Quran, angels, and the Last Day.
#)The shahada also is uttered as part of the Muslim call to prayer which is known as adhan.
#)The salat, the five obligatory daily prayers and it is also known as the namaz in countries like Iran, India, and Turkey.
#)These prayers are performed only after the ritual bathing and it takes place before the sunrise, at noon, in the mid-afternoon, immediately after sunset, and before midnight.
#)Mainstream Shia Muslims combine their noon and afternoon prayers and also the sunset and midnight prayers so that they need only pray three times a day.
#)Praying in Islam is also associated with a specified set of postures, such as standing, bowing, and prostrating which they follow
#)The saum is a mostly prescribed only for healthy, adult Muslims during the 30 days of Ramadan, whic is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar.
#)From dawn until dusk,these are things they folloe - no food, drink and many criteria.
#)Ill person and nursing women are excused, but they are expected to make the fast someother time when they become healthy
#)The zakat or alms tax is levied annually on the crops, livestock, precious metals, and cash of all those living above subsistence and whose debts do not exceed their assets.
#)It is basicall collected, and then distributed to the poor.
#)However,there is a complain that some Islamic leaders have collected the zakat to add to their royal treasuries.
#)So for this reason, the identity of the zakat collector and distributor has often been a mystery.
#)Since the late Middle Ages ( 476-1453 AD), mainstream Shia Muslims have had the tax collected by their jurists, legal scholars of Islamic law, who act according to their self-styled role as governors of the imam.
#)The hajj is the “greater” of the two pilgrimages to Mecca required for all the Muslims.
#)All healthy adult Muslim, men and women should perform Hajj atleast once in their life time if they have sufficient means and safe transport.
#)There is a lesser pilgrimage, called umra, Muslims must perform the hajj during the first half of the month of Dhu al-Hijja, the last month of the lunar year.
#)Those who perform the hajj can use the honorific title ,i.e Hajji if male and Hajja if female.