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Geology is the study of the Earth, the materials of which it is made, the structure of those materials, and the processes acting upon them. It includes the study of organisms that have inhabited our planet. An important part of geology is the study of how Earth’s materials, structures, processes and organisms have changed over time.
Study of the composition of the soil of earth is termed as geology. It when combined with paleantology or the study of fossils help to determine the data and facts about the evolution of life on earth.
The word "geology" is made up of two words. Geo means the earth and logy that is study. So "geology" is the study of the earth. Of course, it also involves a lot of other technical studies like the composition of the earth, etc.