Medieval Indian art
Wonderful Taj Mahal
During the medieval period Islamic rulers introduced Persian art in the country. In course of time there was a mingling if Hindu and Persian arts. It gave birth to a new style of art known as Hindustan art. A few examples of medieval art are described below:-
1) Qutb Minor: it is the free standing stone tower located in south Delhi. It is a historic five strayed tower with a highest of more than 70 meters. Its construction was started by Qutb-ud –din Aibak in 1193 A.D. and completed by his success Sultan Iltumish.
2) Ali Darwaza: Alai Darwaza was built by sultan Ala-ud –din Khilji near Qutb minor in Delhi. It was built in red sand stone and marble. It contains scriptures from Quaran. It is regarded as the greatest of the early Islamic architecture in India.
3) Sasaram: At Sasaram sher shah, the sur ruler of Delhi from 1540 to 1545 A.D. built his own tomb. It is the most significant of his other buildings.
4) Fatehpur Sikri: Fatehpur Sikri located about 30 km from Agra in Uttar Pradesh. This city was built by Emperor Akbar to be his capital. It was his capital from 1569 to 1584 A.D. it was abandoned latter. The famous Buland Darwaza is located here. Diwan-I –Am, Diwan-I Khas, Panch Mahal, Jodn Bai palace etc. are the important buildings at this place.
5) Allahabad fort: The Allahabad fort was built by Akbar. In this fort Akbar built many buildings like the palace of forty pillars. This palace is sufficiently well.-known for its beauty and art.
6) Agra fort: The Agra fort was built by Akbar under his own supervision. He adorned it with many buildings. Of these buildings the Diwan-I Am, the Diwan-I Khas, the Jehangir Mahal and the Akbar Mahal are more prominent.
7) Itimaddaula Tomb: The Itimaddaula Tomb was built during the reign of Jehangir. In this structure the red sand stone was totally replaced by marble. It is the prototype of the Taj Mahal.
8) Taj Mahal: The Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved queen Mumtaz begum on the bank of the river Yamuna in Agra. It was built in marble totally. It is described as Romance in stone.
9) Red fort: The red fort was built by Shah Jahan in Delhi on the bank of the river Yamuna. It was built in red sand stone and white marble. There are structures like Diwan –I Am and Diwan-i – Khas at this place. On the Diwan-i-Khas was written that ``if there be an Eden on the earth, it is this, it is this, none but this’’.
10) Jama Masjid: The Jama Masjid was built by Shah Jahan in Delhi in front of the red fort. It was built in red sand stone. It is the largest mosque in India.
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