King Krishnadevaraya (south India)
Sri Krishnadevaraya the greatest of Vijayanagar Empire. He belonged to Tuluva dynasty. His father name was Narasimha was naik and mother was Nagamamba. Veera Narasimha was his brother. He planned to kill Krishnadevaraya, but Salva Thimmarusu the prime minister of Vijayanagar Empire has saved him and nursed him.
Narasimha Raya died in 1509. Krishnadevaraya became the ruler of the empire.
In Krishnadevaraya’s rule people were very happy. His reign was considered as the golden age. He won many battles and conquests. He defeated the Bahmani sultan rulers, rulers of Orissa and the ruler of Mysore. He maintained friendly relation with the Portuguese. This helped him to expand the trade and earn good revenue from of the taxes. Things like diamonds, spices, and textiles were exported to other countries. Horses from Portuguese were imported.
He constructed barrages across the rivers and provided irrigation facilities for the fields.
He respected all regions.
He built many temples and buildings. Hazara Rama temple, Vittal temple, and Bhuvana Vijayam stand as examples of the architectural beauty of those days.
Krishnadevaraya himself was a poet and given the title `Sahiti Samarangana Sarwabhauma’. He composed a long poem called ``Amutamalyada’ in Telugu language. Bhuvana Vijayam was full of scholars, poets and artists. There were eight famous poets in his court. They are called ``ashta diggajas’’. Tenaliramalinga was fun poet in one of them.
Being a poet, Krishnadevaraya encouraged learning, art and architecture. He donated large sums of money to temples. He gave liberal grants to Brahmins.
Saluva Timmarusu helped Krishnadevaraya at every stage. Krishnadevaraya called him `Appaji’ with great respect. Their relationship took a tragic turn towards the end. Krishnadevaraya’s son was murdered, suspecting Timmarusu Krishnadevaraya made him blind. Later on he realized that Thimmarusu had nothing to do with the murder. Krishnadevaraya died in 1530. The Vijayanagar Empire lost its glory with him.