Food Adulteration:

Adulteration of food is defined as the addition or subtraction of any substance to or from food, so that the natural composition and quality of the original food substance is affected. It is difficult for the consumer to detect the extent of adulteration. Adulteration of foods can either be intentional, unintentional or natural.

Intentional adulteration:

Intentional adulteration is the act of adding, removing substances to food or altering the existing natural properties of food knowingly. The Government of India records indicate that on an average 25 to 30% of edibles sold in the market are adulterated. Some examples of intentional adulteration are addition of water to liquid milk, extraneous matter to ground spices, or the removal or substitution of milk solids from the natural product.

Unintentional adulteration:

Unintentional adulteration is usually attributed to ignorance, carelessness or lack of facilities for maintaining food quality. This kind of adulteration results from pesticide and insect residues or microorganisms entering the food right from the farm through other stages leading to the customer.

Natural adulteration:

This occurs due to the presence of certain chemicals, organic compounds or radicals naturally occurring in foods which are injurious to health and are not added to the foods intentionally or unintentionally. Some of the examples are toxic varieties of pulses, mushrooms, green and other vegetables, fish and sea foods. About 5000 species of marine fish are known to be poisonous and many of these are among edible varieties.

Health hazards of adulteration:

Adulteration of food causes several heath problems in humans. Some of the health hazards include stomach ache, body ache, anemia, abortion, paralysis, and increase in the incidence of tumors, pathological lesions in vital organs, abnormalities of skin and eyes. Hence food adulteration should be given great importance due to its effect in the health significance of the public.

Like it on Facebook, +1 on Google, Tweet it or share this article on other bookmarking websites.


Written by
Sini. A
I am a post graduate in Foods and Nutrition. I have been working as a Nutritionist. I am focussed on sharing my knowledge in boddunan.com. Most of the articles submitted by me in boddunan will be related to nutrition. I enjoy working at bddunan
  • No comments found

Latest Articles

Chikungunya is a Mosquito borne viral disease caused by RNA virus. The word " Chikungunya" means " That which Bends up ", of the contorted posture of the
With the changing climatic conditions and rainfall pattern we need to shift our focus towards climate resilient crops.Hence Millets are seen as an alternative
Strong enough (205 Hits)
Mark was the second son of a Bank officer & a housewife. He was born in Perth Australia, & had his primary schooling there. He was very good at

Related Articles

In a seminar which I attended at the NDC in Delhi, speaker after speaker cautioned the Indian leadership about the growing danger to India from our immediate
Johny was skating down the road on his skateboard, swerving away from the curb, bustling through the traffic... The sun in the sky, the gentle wafting
Donald Trump won the election but lost the popular vote. This is the dichotomy of the American election where it is not the case of first past the post.
Narendra Modi swept to power in a gigantic wave, not seen for over 3 decades as he beat the moth-eaten UPA government led by the lackey of the Nehru- Gandhi
Introduction  We all have a powerful desire in our mind to see the unseen and to know the unknown. As a result we spontaneously seek for travelling