INTRODUCTION:

     AIDS  was first discovered in 1981.  AIDS is caused due to a virus called HIV-Human Immunodeficiency Virus.  It damages the white blood cells which protects the body from disease and hence makes the body to become a prey to a wide range of disease causing microbes.HIV is communicated to other people by sexual contact,blood transfusion,from infected mother to child through breast feeding and unclean and used needles.

HIV-Human Immunodeficiency Virus:

     HIV is of group-VI (ssRNA-RT),family Retroviridae, genus Lentivirus.  HIV  is of two types.  They are HIV-1 and HIV-2.  HIV-1 is common among individuals which has a greater risk of developing AIDS virus.  HIV-2 is caused due to a strand of viruses called SIV (Simian Immunodeficiency Virus).HIV viruses multiply slowly but its presence can be seen only after 10 to 15 years.

AIDS SYMPTOMS:

     AIDS can be found out by some symptoms.  They are:

  • Fever
  • Enlarged lymph glands
  • Persistent diarrhea
  • Severe weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Depression
  • Anorexia
  • Social withdrawals
  • Forgetfulness 

     One the other hand we should know that AIDS is not caused by any physical contact with the affected person.

MEDICINES FOR AIDS:

     There are some effective medicines to control the infection.  They are:

  • Reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors
  • Protease inhibitors
  • Fusion inhibitors

TEST DONE TO DETECT AIDS VIRUS:

     There are some tests to find out HIV.  They are:

  • Elisa test
  • Western Blot test
  • Latex agglutination test
  • PCR test

STATISTICS ABOUT AIDS:    

  • In 1996, 28 million people were infected by HIV virus.
  • In 2005, 2.4 to 3.3 million people were infected by AIDS.
  • In 2008, 2 million people died of AIDS.
  • From 1981 to 2006, about 25 million people died of AIDS.
  • At present nearly 40 million people in the world are affected by AIDS virus.

CONCLUSION:

     We should not treat them as patients but as persons one among us.

     LET US BE THE DESTROYER OF AIDS

     LET US KILL AIDS BEFORE IT KILLS US

 

 


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