AIDS-Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
AIDS was first discovered in 1981. AIDS is caused due to a virus called HIV-Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It damages the white blood cells which protects the body from disease and hence makes the body to become a prey to a wide range of disease causing microbes.HIV is communicated to other people by sexual contact,blood transfusion,from infected mother to child through breast feeding and unclean and used needles.
HIV-Human Immunodeficiency Virus:
HIV is of group-VI (ssRNA-RT),family Retroviridae, genus Lentivirus. HIV is of two types. They are HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is common among individuals which has a greater risk of developing AIDS virus. HIV-2 is caused due to a strand of viruses called SIV (Simian Immunodeficiency Virus).HIV viruses multiply slowly but its presence can be seen only after 10 to 15 years.
AIDS can be found out by some symptoms. They are:
- Enlarged lymph glands
- Persistent diarrhea
- Severe weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Social withdrawals
One the other hand we should know that AIDS is not caused by any physical contact with the affected person.
MEDICINES FOR AIDS:
There are some effective medicines to control the infection. They are:
- Reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors
- Protease inhibitors
- Fusion inhibitors
TEST DONE TO DETECT AIDS VIRUS:
There are some tests to find out HIV. They are:
- Elisa test
- Western Blot test
- Latex agglutination test
- PCR test
STATISTICS ABOUT AIDS:
- In 1996, 28 million people were infected by HIV virus.
- In 2005, 2.4 to 3.3 million people were infected by AIDS.
- In 2008, 2 million people died of AIDS.
- From 1981 to 2006, about 25 million people died of AIDS.
- At present nearly 40 million people in the world are affected by AIDS virus.
We should not treat them as patients but as persons one among us.
LET US BE THE DESTROYER OF AIDS
LET US KILL AIDS BEFORE IT KILLS US
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