The problem of pollution has become very serious today. Man has interfered too much with nature. As a result, environment which includes air, water, soil etc. has been polluted. If environment is polluted all sorts of life – human, animal and vegetation is affected directly or indirectly. Step by step, the precious gifts of nature are being destroyed by human life is being shortened by the polluted air we breathe and unhealthy water we drink.
There are many kinds of pollution such as – air pollution, water pollution and noise pollution.
Air Pollution – Air pollution is mostly caused by the smoke coming out of the chimneys of factories, mills or workshops etc. Mills producing chemicals and acids give out such a foul smell that it becomes difficult to breathe. Air pollution may cause lung diseases, asthma, eye-flue, headache etc.
Water Pollution – Water is the basis of life but greed of man to get more and more money pollutes it. The owners of industries dump waste material on the surface of the earth or in the rivers. So water is polluted. People use this polluted water and invite a number of diseases. Water pollution resulted in the outbreak of cholera in a number of colonies of Delhi. The Hindus float the dead bodies of their saints into the holy rivers. The fish and tortoises eat these dead bodies and spoil the water.
Noise Pollution – Noise pollution is dangerous to life. It is said that noise more than 80 decibels causes deafness and other diseases. In large cities the roar of vehicles is unbearable. If one stands at some busy centre, he finds cars, scooters, buses, trucks and other automobiles passing there within seconds. Their engines and horns create noise pollution which is harmful for people’s physical and mental health.
To check this pollution, there should be planned industrialization. The debris of industries should not be dumped on the surface of the earth or in the rivers. It should be destroyed by the use of suitable chemicals. One major step to check pollution is to create a technological ombudsman for investigating and acting on complaints of irresponsible use of technology, as many people misuse new technologies without keeping in mind their long term bad effects. Similarly society has to pay for air pollution caused by the private and government industries. A technological ombudsman could serves as an official that can call the press attention towards those who have applied new technologies irresponsibly. He can pressurize for the responsible use of new technology.
Another step can be the use of less harmful technologies. The most important step to check pollution is public awareness. People should me made aware of bad effects caused by pollution and plantation should be encouraged. There should be no deforestation. People should not dump domestic waste on the streets. We should remain akin to Nature. Check on growth of populations is also necessary to control the increasing pollution of the environment.
Keeping in mind the seriousness of the problem, the government of India has set up the Department of Environment to control pollution. The people of the country should also cooperate with the government.
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