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Human resource utilization cannot be put in a formula of output versus input as the individual highly complex and interpersonal relationship still more complex besides the group dynamics and organizational ideology. Therefore, the need of the time and the challenge before the manager is to intensify the desire and willingness of subordinates in order to elicit the potentialities of their subordinates for the achievement of the organizational objectives.

There is a need for the managers to equip themselves to understand the process of change and develop the ability for planning, organizing, communicating, problem solving, managing conflict and tolerance. This will be possible only through the process of self-awareness and self-development. But self-development will demand the desire to improve, wisdom for selecting proper actions and time necessary to work toward the investment. The desire, therefore, must come from within, the wisdom must be developed and time must be planned. Self-development will not only provide a better executive life but also a richer and fuller social life.Management is a composite and comprehensive discipline concerned with the introduction of effective me and methods for achieving organizational objectives.

Present day management has no choice but to have a deep knowledge and understanding of the effective system and methods. Management must try to understand and help in solving the genuine problems of workmen arising in the course of their duty in order to effectively use their productive skills. Management has the responsibility for the development, allocation and productivity of human resources. Productivity is the first and foremost component of the management and its first responsibility cannot be achieved without its key resource. Human being as such is not a resource and becomes a resource only if trained, developed and allocated to productive work. This is the central task of Management. In a developing country like ours, we have far more people that can be productively employed but there are far less productive human beings. The central task before the management in a developing country is the planning, training, developing and managing of human resource. Initially it was thought that an individual's life time can be divided into two distinguished phases:

1. Formative years

2. Working years

Formative years provide the individual a process or transfer by which he assimilates the knowledge experience of his predecessors. During the working years he is expected to confront reality, with the knowledge wisdom he has obtained during the formative years. This concept is no longer relevant because of the social changes and of the accelerating pace at takes place. This is the moment when we must reconsider rethink and reorder our concept concerning educational development. People of today possess rising aspirations and expectations. The modern communication system has also brought new ways of training, new relationships, new material potential and new social goals at all levels of society and in all parts of the world. In industrial set up of today, both employees and employers have accepted with the passage of time, provisions for health, insurance unemployment benefits, pensions, legal insurance, rights for humanity, job security, participation and joint decision making. Directly related to and perhaps even an extension of the rising expectation is a growing concern for the inter relationship of the individuals, groups, organization and its systems. It is reflected in the concept that the individual makes an investment in the job. It represents concern for individual life beyond the working situation recognizing the importance of issues beyond the job.

There is also a developing realization that productivity is not the function or the responsibility of the management alone, but a concern for all, both within and beyond the work place. One of the most complex and challenging factors is the increase in scope and significance of the transactional and cross cultural relationship and functioning. A problem which affects practically all cultures is the broad and permanent impact of technology on the society, the organization and the individual. Managers are experiencing increasing pressure for greater creativity and resourcefulness by improved planning and effective leadership.

To sum up, Human Resource is an asset which appreciates with time. A machine's maximum value is reached the day it is installed and starts producing. But human resource never reaches an ultimate value throughout the life time at work.


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