#)The famous author,Ernest Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois, the son of Clarence Edmonds and Grace Hemingway.



#)He first published his writing while he was a student at Oak Park High School, and later he began his journalistic apprenticeship as a teenage reporter for the Kansas City Star in 1917.

#)Eventhough his family expected him to attend college and study further, Hemingway was drawn instead toward the excitement of World War I.

#) It was during  the spring of 1918,where he volunteered with the American Red Cross as an ambulance driver on the front-line in Italy

#)Later, in July 1918, two weeks shy of his nineteenth birthday, he was severely wounded in the battle.

#)After recovering from his wounds, he supported himself as a journalist until he was able to make a living writing fiction.

#)He worked as a foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star in the early 1920s, where he lived in Paris at that time.

#)Ernest Hemingway's first important work of fiction, a collection of short stories entitled In Our Time, appeared in 1925, followed in 1926 by The Sun Also Rises,which is considered a classic novel of the twentieth century.

#) For the next thirty years, Hemingway published one best-selling volume after another, including A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), and The Old Man and the Sea.

#)This continuous successes made Hemingway as one of the most famous and influential novelists in history, widely recognized for his precise, innovative prose style and his unique vision of experience.

#)The marriage life of Hemingway was unstable.

#)Hemingway married Hadley Richardson in 1921 and following their divorce,he married again , this time with Pauline Pfeiffer in 1927.

#)Unfortunately, that marriage also ended in divorce, and Hemingway married third time, this time with Martha Gelhorn in 1940, divorcing her and marrying Mary Welsh in 1945.

#)Hemingway was known as a hunter, aficionado of bullfighting, drinker, and womanizer—made him a celebrity

.#) Constant media attention tended to de-emphasize Hemingway's actual writing, and many readers, caught up in the superficial and glamorous aspects of his life and career, missed the fact that his fiction is firmly anchored in timeless, fundamental values such as courage, honor, truthfulness, and compassion.

#)His code has often been summed up by his phrase 'grace under pressure,' yet many observers fail to see that this 'grace' is not only physical and aesthetic, but moral and spiritual.

#) Many of theHemingway's important fiction is value-centered and profoundly religious.

#)None of Hemingway's fiction was written specifically for young adults.

#)Yet, as with many classic authors, some of his works have crossed over, appealing widely to adults and young adults alike.

#)Hemingway received numeroulots of awards for his writing,which includes the Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea in 1952, and the Nobel Prize in 1954.

#) In January 1954, he was in two plane crashes in Africa and suffered severe injuries from which he never recovered.

#)On July 2, 1961, Hemingway committed suicide at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.

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