## WORKS OF ARYABHATTA - ASTRONOMER & MATHEMATICIAN

The first of the Hindu mathematicians was **ARYABHATTA** who lived in or near the present city **Patna** on the Ganges, in Bihar state of India. He was born in **Kusumpuram** and wrote his famous work **The Aryabhattiya** in** 499A.D** at the age of **23**. In addition to the other contributions of Aryabhatta this voluminous work is enough to place him among **the first ranking astronomers and the mathematicians of the world.**

From the writings of Bhaskara, it appears that Aryabhatta took up the profession of a teacher. **He** **earned fame as a great scholar and a teacher of astronomy.**

Aryabhatta's contribution to the field of mathematics is extremely significant. He gave a systematic approach to **Arithmetic, Algebra and Trigonometry**. He was the 1st mathematician who gave **the value of ∏ (pi) correct upto four decimal places**.

**Aryabhatta gave a method to find the cube root of numbers and dealt with arithmetic,geometric and indeterminate equations in algebra. He dealt with square,cube,triangle,trapezium,circle and sphere in geometry.**

Aryabhatta occupies the 1st position among the astronomers of not only India but the whole world by telling that **Earth is moving around the Sun**. This knowledge about the Earth given by Aryabhatta was much beyond the imagination of scholars even after 1000 years of Aryabhatta.

However, **Parthdak Swami(860A.D) and Copernicus(1600A.D) supported Aryabhatta** and his Principle of rotation of the Earth around the Sun.

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