Introduction

Of late India's thirteenth Presisident Pranab Mukherjee  elected on 22 July ,2012  took oath on 25th July 2012 after retirement of first woman President Prativa Devi Singh Patil. Who doesnot have a dream to abide in in the Rashtrapati Bhawan (President's Abode)  with the halt palaces like Chharabra,Shimla or Rashtrapati Nilayam in Hyderabad as retreats ?

Do you know that this dreamland can be kept away from him if removed. This may be unbelievable but is true  that President of India can resign or be removed from his post in following curcumstances in ccordace with procedure explained hereafter.

Removal of President

We are all aware that the term of President is five years from the time of his taking oath. He will resume his duties until new President is elected according to Article No 56.

There are three reasons that may end the term before completing  five years. He may resign the post. Death may cause an end to his tenure. Third is the Impeachment. In Article No 61 , the term Impeachment is explained.  The resolution for impeachment  may be moved in  either Loksabha or Rajyasabha .This resolution must be notified before the date on which the President will be given notice by one fourth of the members of House. It must be approved by the two-third majority of the members  present and voting  to pass it over to the other House  who will act as investigating team .After interrogation  is over on  the allegarions of  violation of  Constitutional provisions (Article 61),this House will go through process of casting votes on the resolution. .During this process ,the President gets opportunity to present his defence against the resolution impaching him. He may defend himself by sending representative. No President of India has faced Impeavchmenmt so far. So,this provision has never been used.

Accession

If the post of the President of India is vacanted on his  death, resignation  or impeachment, the vice President will assime charge of  President until a new President is elected.

The Chief-Justice ,or in his absence ,the senior most Judge of the Supreme Court of India  takes the charge of  President till election of President or Vice President whichever is earlie. The provision for the vacancy due to the death of both the President and the Vice-President  was not there in the Indian Constitution. This was included in 1969.


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