The state of Indian farmers
After independence, former prime minister of India, announced, our country could wait for everything, but not for agriculture. He believes the development of agriculture should be done from day one. The paradigm shift after 60 years of independence is that, most of progress achieved in all sphere of industry except for agriculture. The agriculture field is forever ignored. There is no autonomous or exclusive law for agriculture and farmers. The law of land favours big companies, banks and big farmers related to agricultural field and neglected completely the grassroots level farmers. There is no stubborn law to protect interests of small farmers. Agriculture in India is in dire straights due to these sets of laws and regulations. In our country, there are many favourable farming laws that enable for the distribution of free seed, loan subsidy, introduction of the machine into farming industry but sadly all these benefits to businessmen, brokers and lenders. They continually exploit the system to minimise the benefits to real farmers and for this, slowly they entangled into loan cage and later commit suicide. Then, lenders took away their farm yards and the son of farmers leave the village and also the paternal work and reach the big cities for some other form of work. In this manner, the basic fabric of work culture is slowly missing and if this is not stopped at the proper time, then, there will be a time, when no one will be available to form the cultivated fields. There is no explicit support from government, agricultural department and agricultural university to grass root farmers. Owing to their peculiar mental strength, the farmers of India, have reached such an advance stage. There is no definite scheme to empower their strength and furthermore there are many detractors for them, be it real estate mafia, the big business houses, lenders, but still they are cultivating the land and producing the goods. Indian farmers weaken owing to various reverse agricultural laws and for this they had to fight internal and external forces.
All these giant industries are conspiring to kill Indian farming section and try to sell it to foreign companies and they are doing it constantly by breaking the rib bone of farmers. Sometimes, farmers could not understand their offerings properly and at other times they try to brute force the farmers and in this way slowly the basic farming section of India, which has been there since the ages of Indus valley civilisation, is beginning to be disturbed and destroyed. Since, independence, governments as well as agricultural departments have shredded the crocodile tears at the state of affairs of farmers to garner votes to back into power. In reality, there are no proper steps to improve the financial conditions of scores of poor farmers. Land is the foremost necessity for farming. The image of land comes into mind, when someone thinks of cultivation. Till this date, there is no identifiable land sealing action for farmers from government. This has not been considered in numerous provincial states either. Government is acquiring lands for broad industries and evading and killing innocent farmers who are protecting against this. This is the sad state of affairs in the field of agriculture. Irrigation is the principal element of agriculture. In limited budget allocation, the part of money for the development of irrigation is rapidly decreasing. One third of agriculture land of our country is still not irrigated. The high pitched loans and subsidies, given to farmers are not reaching them, in turn, it is hijack by moderate men and most of them are from political party petty workers. Only 28 percentages of farmers are able to receive subsidized loans. Out of them, mostly are small businessmen in the villages. They are tractors and power tiller business man and they accept extraordinary charge from honest farmers for rent and for this honorable farmers had to revert to manual cultivation due to cost factor. So, if statistics are to be believed there is less than ten percentages of actual farmers, who are benefiting from these schemes. There are no noteworthy schemes for real farmers, who are not so rich and for this most of beneficial schemes benefit the big farmers and industrial houses. More than 70 percentages of small farmers go to local lenders for money and thus have to repay crippling there after and for this the financial health of small farmers continues to be grim. There are no strict boundary rules from government to the animals used directly or indirectly for manual cultivation. There is no ample scale settlement to sell the agricultural production at a fair price.
There is no hard and fast rule about cold storage facility for small farmers. It is evident that they cannot store cultivated products on their own, they want the government to help them out, but the state of cold storage is now a distant dream. There is no increase of water reservoirs exclusively for pastoral purposes. The tube wells carefully set up by governments become meaningless at the onset of summer owing to height of pipes inside the soil. The underwater level inside earth crust is reducing rapidly. It has been reducing one foot each year, owing to excessive use of chemical fertiliser inside corn fields. The fertile character of soils is steadily decreasing due to excessive use of chemical fertilisers. Helpful micro creatures living inside soils are killed due to chemical fertilisers. India is number one among nations, decreasing the ground water levels. In the coming years, the number of fertile lands will be decreased further and owing to scarcity of underground water resources, there will be a time, when, cultivation will be absolutely not possible. Owing to highly intense use of chemical fertilisers and poisons in the corn fields, there is increase of diabetes, jaundice, cancers and other malaise's in villages.
Still, government is not thinking of organic farming. They are promoting farmers to use chemical farming which is dangerous and fatal. According to estimation, if agricultural production rises to ten percentages, then store keeping will be a huge problem for the government. The government should look beyond and promotion for cash crops among small farmers to improve financial health of theirs. There is no perfect food storage policy and there is no sufficient cold storage facility. Farmers are going to self to cultivate cash crops, but the foremost problem for them is storage. In our county, there is very less amount of special storage facility that can store the cash crops. Government is ingoing this angle of cold store keeping. If Indian farmers indulged themselves with cash crop farming, then foreign farming giants cannot enter into India's agricultural business and probably, this is the perfect situation when the government does not want to increase the number of specialised remote storage facility for cash crops. Agriculture is a regional phenomenon. In our country, more than 60 percentage of agriculture land deals with monsoon waters. Owing to cosmic scale by changing of climate, there is irregular monsoon and that affects the related agricultural production. It is affecting farm lands and total agricultural production capacity of farming. In this situation; mixed farming, internal farming and less water farming can be a handy solution for small farmers. Government should train them for free to employ advance agriculture in farm lands. One should not consider paddy, wheat as cash crops. Owing to change in environmental situations, the government should think beyond and introduce new forms of cash crops so that, small farmers, who are mostly illiterate could possibly gain from government training. What is more worrying is that, government seems to be not generating interest in these forms of agronomic practices. In the current situation, more than 40 percentages of farmer communities are ready to leave their traditional farming work, in favour of additional jobs. They are running out of patience due to continuous draught, floods and anti farmer policies by successive governments. In order to have food security, there should be pro farmer policies to scores of poor farmers so that they should stay in their generation extensive cultivation practices. Whatever law for food security, that cannot guarantee food for all, if conditions of underprivileged and downtrodden farmers are continuously overlooked by successive governments.
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