We know that we were ruled by British before 15th August 1947. Representatives of king or Queen of England used to make laws for us. After independence we started governing ourselves.

In 1946, elections to the constituent Assembly were held and 389 members were elected. These members represented all the political parties, communities and regions of India. It elected Dr. Babu Rajendra Prasad as its president.

The constituent assembly appointed a committee for drafting the constitution under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

Constitution is a document which helps the government in ruling the country. It contains all the rules which a government has to follow in conducting its business.

The drafting committee has prepared the draft of the constitution and submitted to the constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949. It came into farce on 26thJanuary, 1950 and India was declared republic.

Republic is a country which is government by the people themselves we elect our representatives and these representatives govern us. The president of India is elected by us – so we call our country a republic.

Some of the main points

A) We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved of constitute India into a sovereign, Socialist, Secular, and Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens.

B) Justices social, economic and political

C) Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship

D) Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all

E) Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity integrity of the nation.

F) In our constituent assembly this twenty-sixth day of November. 1949, do hereby adopt. Enact and give to ourselves this constitution.

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