The Handloom and the power loom of cloth weavings
Handloom is operated by feet and hands, which press the planks and pull the ropes respectively.
Raw materiel is white and color cotton yarn.
Before a loom, weaver sits on a stool. He keeps his feet on 2 wooden planks of the loom fixed in the pit. With the ropes, plants are attached to the loom. Shuttle has a bobbin with the transverses threads that move to and fro across the loom between the warp threads. This occurs when the weaver pulls a rope hanging from the top.
One set of warp threads moves upwards and the other set downwards. At the same time, the weaver pulls the rope from a side. What happens now? The shuttle runs across, charring the transverse on filling threads.
Now the weaver press the other plank, and the second set of warp threads moves to the upward direction and the first set in the downward direction. Simultaneously when the shuttle is pulled, it runs across between the warp threads from the other side and also carries the filling thread to the other side. In this way, a cloth is woven which is wound thread to the other side. In this way, a cloth is woven which is wound around the roller.
On handloom production silk jari sari cost Rupees one lakhs will be there.
Power loom is operated by an electric motar. Warp thirds are wound around a roller. Head lines are wires through which warp threads pass and wind round on another roller. With the help of electric motar, the shuttle moves with a great speed a cross the warp threads. Here machines perform all the work and the workers have to rejoin the threads that snap at times. Large quantities of cloth are manufactured at a great speed in a power loom. This enables the availability of cloth at cheaper rates.
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