In this article we will learn about reptiles and their various kinds.

Reptile:

It is a  cold-blooded vertebrate of a class that includes snakes, lizards, crocodiles, turtles, and tortoises. They are distinguished by having a dry scaly skin, and typically laying soft-shelled eggs on land.

Class Reptilia: orders Chelonia (turtles and tortoises), Squamata (snakes and lizards), Rhynchocephalia (the tuatara), and Crocodylia (crocodilians). Among several extinct groups are the dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and ichthyosaurs.

 

Types Of Reptiles:

The various types of reptiles are as follows:

alligator a large semiaquatic reptile similar to a crocodile but with a broader and shorter head, native to the Americas and China.
American alligator
• Genus Alligator, family Alligatoridae, order Crocodylia: the American alligator

alligator

alligator snapping turtle a large-headed, long-tailed snapping turtle of the southeastern U.S., found esp. in the Gulf States. Weighing up to 150 pounds (67.5 kg), it is the largest freshwater turtle in North America.

basilisk a long, slender, and mainly bright green lizard found in Central America, the male of which has a crest running from the head to the tail. It can swim well and is able to run on its hind legs across the surface of water.

basilisk_lizard

blindworm another term for slow-worm .

box turtle a land-living turtle that has a lower shell with hinged lobes that can be drawn up tightly to enclose the animal. It is native to North America and Mexico and is sometimes kept as a pet.
eastern box turtle
• Genus Terrapene, family Emydidae: several species, including the eastern box turtle

box_turtle

caiman a semiaquatic reptile similar to the alligator but with a heavily armored belly, native to tropical America. • Caiman and other genera, family Alligatoridae: three species, in particular the spectacled caiman

chameleon a small slow-moving Old World lizard with a prehensile tail, long extensible tongue, protruding eyes that rotate independently, and a highly developed ability to change color.
common chameleon
• Family Chamaeleonidae: four genera, in particular Chamaeleo, and numerous species, including the European chameleon

chameleon

chuckwalla a large dark-bodied lizard, the male of which has a light yellow tail, native to the deserts of the southwestern U.S. and Mexico. When threatened, it inflates itself with air to wedge itself into a crevice. • Sauromalus obesus, family Iguanidae.

crocodile a large predatory semiaquatic reptile with long jaws, long tail, short legs, and a horny textured skin, using submersion and stealth to approach prey unseen. The crocodile has been extensively hunted for its valuable skin. • Family Crocodylidae: three genera, in particular Crocodylus, and several species.

diamondback (also diamondback rattlesnake) a large, common North American rattlesnake with diamond-shaped markings. Also called diamond rattlesnake . • Genus Crotalus, family Viperidae: two species.

flying dragon an arboreal Southeast Asian lizard that has expanding membranes along the sides of the body, used for gliding between trees. Also called dragon . • Genus Draco, family Agamidae: several species.

galliwasp a marsh lizard found in Central America and the Caribbean. • Genus Diploglossus, family Anguidae: many species, in particular D. monotropis of the West Indies.

gecko a nocturnal and often highly vocal lizard that has adhesive pads on the feet to assist in climbing on smooth surfaces. It is widespread in warm regions. • Gekkonidae and related families: numerous genera and species.

gharial a large fish-eating crocodile with a long narrow snout that widens at the nostrils, native to the Indian subcontinent. See also false gharial . • Gavialis gangeticus, the only member of the family Gavialidae.

Gila monster a venomous lizard native to the southwestern U.S. and Mexico.
Gila monster
• Heloderma suspectum, family Helodermatidae.

Gila_monster

glass lizard a legless burrowing lizard of snakelike appearance, with smooth shiny skin and an easily detached tail, native to Eurasia, Africa, and America. Also called glass snake . • Genus Ophisaurus, family Anguidae: several species.

goanna alteration of iguana .

green turtle a sea turtle with an olive-brown shell, often living close to the coast and extensively hunted for food.
green turtle
• Chelonia mydas, family Cheloniidae.

green_turtle

hawksbill a small tropical sea turtle with hooked jaws and overlapping horny plates on the shell, extensively hunted as the traditional source of tortoiseshell.
hawksbill
• Eretmochelys imbricata, family Cheloniidae.

hawksbill_turtle

horned toad a large toad with horn-shaped projections of skin over the eyes, in particular • a Southeast Asian toad ( Megophrys and other genera, family Peltobatidae). • a South American toad ( Ceratophrys and other genera, family Leptodactylidae).

iguana a large, arboreal, tropical American lizard with a spiny crest along the back and greenish coloration, occasionally kept as a pet. • Genus Iguana, family Iguanidae: two species, in particular the common green iguana

Komodo dragon a heavily built monitor lizard that captures large prey such as pigs by ambush. Occurring only on Komodo and neighboring Indonesian islands, it is the largest living lizard. • Varanus komodoensis, family Varanidae.

leatherback a very large black turtle with a thick leathery shell, living chiefly in tropical seas.
leatherback
• Dermochelys coriacea, the only member of the family Dermochelyidae.

leatherback

lizard a reptile that typically has a long body and tail, four legs, movable eyelids, and a rough, scaly, or spiny skin. • Suborder Lacertilia (or Sauria), order Squamata: many families.

loggerhead (also loggerhead turtle) a reddish-brown turtle with a very large head, occurring chiefly in warm seas.
loggerhead turtle
• Caretta caretta, family Cheloniidae.

loggerhead_turtle

painted turtle a small American freshwater turtle with a smooth shell and colorful patterns of red, yellow, and black that appear along the border of the carapace and (in certain subspecies) on the plastron.

• Chrysemys picta, family Emydidae.

painted_turtle

skink a smooth-bodied lizard with short or absent limbs, typically burrowing in sandy ground, and occurring throughout tropical and temperate regions.

• Family Scincidae: numerous genera and species.

slow-worm a small snakelike Eurasian legless lizard that is typically brownish or copper-colored and that gives birth to live young. Also called blindworm .

• Anguis fragilis, family Anguidae.

snapping turtle a large American freshwater turtle with a long neck and strong hooked jaws.
common snapping turtle
• Family Chelydridae: two North American species, the common snapping turtle ( Chelydra serpentina) and the larger alligator snapping turtle ( Macroclemys temminckii).

snapping_turtle

terrapin (also diamondback terrapin) a small edible turtle with lozenge-shaped markings on its shell, found in coastal marshes of the eastern U.S.
diamondback terrapin
• Malaclemys terrapin, family Emydidae.

terrapin

tortoise a turtle, typically a herbivorous one that lives on land.

tuatara a nocturnal burrowing lizardlike reptile with a crest of soft spines along its back, now confined to some small islands off New Zealand.

• Order Rhynchocephalia and genus Sphenodon: two species, in particular S. punctatum. All other members of the order became extinct during the Mesozoic era.

turtle a slow-moving reptile, enclosed in a scaly or leathery domed shell into which it can retract its head and thick legs. • Family Testudinidae: numerous genera and species, including the European tortoise

 

Thank you,

R.Rajkumar


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