India is a fast-growing economy, which includes more than 100 crore people and who need large amounts of energy. Which is being fulfilled by the Government of India using various innovative and non-renewable resources. Our country is at the fifth place in the world for generating and consuming electricity. Electricity production in our country is increasing every year, but we also cannot deny that the population is also increasing along with it.
And it is estimated that by the year 2040 - 2050 it will also be finished. More than 72% of the Indian population lives in villages and half of them are living without electricity. Now India has come to such a situation that for the maximum production of energy, in the field of conservation of energy, we should take steps for its renewal and rescue. The use of solar energy is the best way to meet this demand, so that we can reconcile between energy demand and supply.
In general language, solar energy refers to the energy received from the sun. When the rays of the sun are collected at one point and the energy is generated, these processes are called solar energy generation. Solar energy means converting the sun's rays into electricity, whether directly by PV [Photovoltaic] or CS. Indirectly by P. [Concentrated Solar Power]. C. S. In P.N., lenses or mirrors and trekking devices are used to generate solar energy and a very large portion of sunlight is collected on a small beam. Solar power plants work in this way.
India is a tropical country, one of the many benefits of which we also get in the form of sunlight. Being a tropical country, we receive solar radiation throughout the year, including about 3000 hours of sunlight, which is equivalent to 5000 trillion kWh. Almost all areas of India are equal to 4 - 7 kWh per square - meter, which is equivalent to 2300 - 3200 hours of sunlight per year. Since most of the people of India live in rural areas, there is a lot of utility of solar energy there. There is also a possibility of development and if the use of solar energy starts, there will be a decrease in the use of condoms and wood in domestic work. Due to which there will be no air pollution.
There are huge workspaces available for generating solar energy in India, because the landmass of India is at a place where sunlight reaches in sufficient quantity. The amount of sunlight reaching the surface of the Earth every year is very high. Sunlight reaches the earth every year and more than twice the amount of uranium material obtained by many non-renewable materials on earth, such as: coal, oil, natural gas and other mining, is consumed and wasted.
(Solar energy technology): - Solar energy is an advanced technology using the use of solar radiation and sunlight. It also has other forms, such as: solar heating, solar radiation and artificial photosynthesis, etc.
(Saur urja benefits in india) -:
It seems even more appropriate because of the benefits from solar energy. Some of the benefits of this are as follows: -Solar energy is a never-ending resource and is the best replacement of non-renewable resources.
Solar energy is also beneficial for the environment. When it is used, it does not release carbon dioxide and other harmful gases into the atmosphere, then the atmosphere is not polluted.
Solar energy is used for many purposes, such as: for heating, for drying, for cooking food and for electricity, etc. Solar energy is suitable for use in cars, airplanes, large boats, satellites, calculators and other devices.
Since solar energy is an non-renewable energy resource. Therefore, in countries like India where the production of energy is expensive, then these resources are its best option there.
Solar power equipment can be installed at any place. They can even be installed at home, as it is cheaper as compared to other energy resources.
(Solar power disadvantages) -:
We cannot do the work of generating electricity from solar energy at night.
Also, during the day when it is rainy or cloudy, the work of producing electricity through solar energy cannot be done. For this reason, we cannot completely rely on solar energy.
Only those areas can be capable of producing solar energy, where sufficient amount of sunlight comes.
In addition to solar equipment, we need inverter and batteries for its storage, to generate solar energy. Although solar devices are cheap, but the useful inverter and battery together make it expensive.
Solar devices are large in size, so a large area of land is required to install them, and once these devices are installed, the land is used for this purpose for a long time and it can be used for any purpose. Cannot be done in work.
The amount of energy generated in this way is very small compared to other resources, which are unable to meet our needs.
Solar devices are fragile, which are very important to maintain, due to which the expenses on their insurance etc. also incur additional costs, which increases the expenditure.
(Saur urja in india) -:
In India too, several projects have been started keeping in mind the benefits of solar energy -:
The best solar power project of the country has been started in the Thar Desert of India, which is capable of generating an estimated 700 - 2100 GW of energy.
On March 1, 2014, the then Chief Minister of Gujarat inaugurated the country's largest solar power plant in Neemuch district of Madhya Pradesh.
The Central Government has set a target of generating 20,000 MW by the year 2022 by starting the 'Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Energy Project [JNNSM]'.
Saur urja equipment -:
Solar energy and accessories and equipment have been made in it, some of which are as follows:
Brainy Eco Solar Home UPS 1100,
Solar DC System 120,
Solar power conditioning unit,
PV grid connected inverters,
Solar Charge Controller -:
Solar conversion kit,
Solar shine wave inverter,
Solar Home Lighting System:
Solar street lighting system, etc.
In this way, solar energy has developed in our country and we are benefiting from its benefits.
Use of solar energy in villages and cities in India
The use of solar energy has also become possible in the villages and cities of India. There was a time when many villages in India had no electricity. But with the help of technological development and solar energy, there is electricity in many villages of India today. Although even today there are many villages in India where there is no electricity, but with the help of solar energy, electricity generation in villages and cities has increased very fast and people have been successful in illuminating their home with the help of solar energy. The government is also helping the Indians a lot on solar energy or solar panels.
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