The Jallianwala Bagh massacre
A protest meeting against this outrageous act British government was held at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar on the 13th April, 1919. The meeting was attended by thousands of men, women and children. The government handed over Amritsar to the army under the command of general dyer, who was not in favor of thi9s meeting. There was just one entrance to the park which was blocked by the British army on the orders of general dyer. The he orders of general dyer. Then he ordered his troops to open fire on the innocent people. The unarmed people had no way of escaping. More than a thousand people were killed and many thousands were injured. It was the cold blooded murder of innocent people. The massacre at Jallianwala Bagh was an act of severe brutality. The entire country was shocked and pledges to fight the powerful British with all their might.
A wave of anger swept through the country after Jallianwala Bagh massacre. By this time, Gandhi had become the real leader of the congress. He started the non- cooperation movement in 1920. According to this movement, people were asked not cooperative with the British government and they started deliberately breaking the laws.
Thousand of teachers, students left their collages.
Lawyers boycotted low courts.
Hundreds of people left their government jobs.
People refused to pay taxes and boycotted all foreign goods.
Lawyers like Motilal Nehru and C.R Das gave up their profession.
S.C Bose resigned from the Indian civil service.
The non – cooperation movement was a great success. The British government tried to curb this movement. Many leaders were arrested. There were lathi charges at many places. But Gandhi decided to remain non- violent and wanted that the whole movement should be peaceful.
*This incident was great sorrowful in the history.
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