During the guided walk through your town let us several Ardennes timbered houses (des colombages) show.
The old timber framing.
This even after careful consideration we could not precisely date from this century which houses tribes.
One sees indeed many expensive details, such as processed dakschoren, profiled top of door frames, overhang of floors, walls in the cross connection.
Let it be said that your friend's house a monumental fireplace is dominant. This would indicate the 17 century excesses to the simpler style of later years.
The study of this architecture is me during my study outside your royal domain Fourneau Saint-Michel, but also Monschau, Miltenberg and Dinkelsbühl stayed in Germany.
That the houses in your valley in their habitat may have survived a feather in the cap of the construction worker are poor.
It meant a few decades ago, a whole evolution in the construction business, when thanks to the invention of reinforced concrete, the so-called skeleton building came into vogue. It was a building up rapidly in his head shape and was only vakvulling finish. This modern-style system is so very old, even as old as the housing itself.
Only used it once not concrete, but wood for the skeleton and mesh with initially and later clay bricks for the fillings. This construction is in entire regions of our country and the urban townscape determined.
Only very gradually it is superseded by the whole architecture in stone. We can not imagine that now. The immediate consequence is that in our historical wooden architecture histories completely ignored.
This is a reprehensible omission. As the only excuse that there are not much more to see and that images are scarce.
With you we found examples of timber frame, whose architecture far superior to many a stone building, now listed all described.
Depending city and region differed time, the widespread use of stone found. This depended on the availability of brick or stone at affordable prices for small grants. The fire them spoke a word. In the northern Netherlands, the early timber building disappeared and we find remnants of Marken, the "Zaan", Twente and some small concentrations.
In the southern Netherlands has long maintained the wood construction and it is only since the late 19th century no longer applied. The cause must be sought in the possibility of cheap wood to come.
The feudal states here until the end of the 18th century have lasted gifts mogelijkheid.Het system was late in the lord and that women continued to be forests, heath and water included, that was cheap wood construction. Moreover, the boxes are filled with wicker, on both sides was covered with clay, so a product that people at your own yard could dig.
In northern regions had one failing that with boards, something that we only find at Western facades, because the clay walls of rain started to suffer severe hebben.De arms used before, as for roofing, straw. Later they also held one pans or diamond-shaped plates.
The most effective was replaced by an entire brick wall. The latter have been especially make accommodation along a street, often co sake of the prestige of the residents. They wanted as much as possible to the rich who generally began using stone.
Interestingly CONSTITUTED THE VERY STABLE WHOLE A timber-framed,
The wall styles and beams are connected to pin and hole connections. The entire frame is adjusted on a stone base, so rot, caused by contact with the Earth can not occur. The stones also catch any vibrations from machinery or even what handicrafts. The annual liming should ensure that stormwater disposal and nothing can penetrate. Often, the whitewashed wall skeleton so that one does not see the craftsmanship involved. In this way the houses and barns reached a considerable age. To maintain the fillings to escape, is here and there the clay work quite early fillings replaced by brick. But this happened mainly in houses because the houses, given the much lower insulation of stone, otherwise would be too cold. The stables also proved more resistant to stone by emitting cattle and stable against the damp atmosphere.
Finally, be clear that the construction material has not determined the spatial design and craftsmanship so every house is unique and picturesque.
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