Akbar the great
Akbar was the son of Humayun. His mother was Hamida Banu. He was born in 1542 at Amorkot. He was left in the guardianship of Biaramkhan. Humayun died in 1556 and Hemu occupied the throne of Delhi. Akbar and Biaramkhan met the forces of Hemu and fought with them at Panput. This battle is known as the second Battle of Panput. Akbar defeated Hemu and became the ruler of Delhi at the age of 13 years. Biaramkhan became the regent of Akbar and looked after the administration. Akbar slowly became perfect in administration.
Akbar expanded his empire up to the river Godavari. He maintained friendly relation with Rajputs. He married Jodhabai, daughter of Raja of Amber. He appointed the Rajputs in important positions. Raja Mansingh was made commander –in – chief of the army. Raja Todarmal was appointed as revenue minister. Birbal was the jester and Tansen was great musician of Akbar’s court.
Akbar respected all religions equality. He used to attend festival of all religions. He gave freedom to his wives in religious matters. At Fatherpur Sikri got a building constructed known as Ibadat Khana. He held a meeting of all religions and had detailed discussions wit all religious leaders. He understood that all religions are basically same. Bring together he found a new religion called Din –e – Illahi.
This new religion preached that:-
a) God is one
b) Followers should not eat meat.
c) Followers should sacrifice their property, life and honor for the sake of the emperor.
d) Followers should greet each other by saying 1allah-ho Akbar’.
e) Followers were prohibited from practicing sati.
Akbar abolished the Jazia tax, which was collected from non- Muslims when they went on pilgrimage. He was known as national king.
Akbar died in 1605 and his salim became the emperor of Delhi with the little Jahangir.