## How to use shift operators

**Right and Left shift operators**

The right and left shift operators are binary operators.One operand represents the number in which bits are to be shifted and the other operand represents the shift positions.The shift operators are applied on integer data type variables.

**Right shift operator**

**Right shift operator**

The right shift operator shifts all the bits of a binary number in the right direction.

Syntax:

operand>>number

Example:

6>>2

Binary representation of 6 in bits.

0000 0110

The operator shifts the bits of this binary number to right by 2 positions,the two rightmost bits are discarded.

0000 0001 6>>2=1

The formula is operand / 2(power)number.

6/2power2=6/4=1

**Left shift operators**

**Left shift operators**

The left shift operator shifts all the bits of a binary number in the left direction.

Syntax:

operand<

Example:

4<<2

Binary representation of 4 in bits.

0000 0100

The operator shifts the bits of this binary number to left by 2 positions,the two leftmost bits are discarded.

0001 0000

The formula is operand *2(power)number.

4*2power2=4*4=16

**Unsigned shift operator**

unsigned shift operator is used to shift the bits of a binary number to right.The operator fills leftmost bits of a binary value with 0 irrespective of whether the number has 0 or 1 at the leftmost bit.

example:

6>>>24

Binary representation of 6in bits.(64 bit representation)

00000000 00000000 00000000 00000110

output:

00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000

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