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India is a big country. The 70% peoples are live in the villages. 70 % people depend on agriculture.

The Indian farmer is sample, contented man. His wants are few, and his only wealth is his land. If his harvest is good, he rejoices. But if there is no rainfall and his crops fail, he runs into debt leads a miserable life.

It is often said that the farmer lives beyond his means. People say that he is very fond of running into debt. This is not true. As he has to sow his land, buy corn, purchase cattle and pay revenue, he needs money. But he was no money with him. So he has borrowed money. He cannot help it.

The farmer is very hard- working and patient under troubles. He lives in a very humble cottage and sleeps on the mud floor. He hardly ever gets good clothes to wear and good to eat.

His work keeps busy the whole year. When first rains have fallen, he ploughs his fields and plants maize, sugar-cane cotton for the autumn harvest. When these crops are ready, he cuts them. He then clears the ground, ploughs the land once again, and sows wheat for the spring harvest. He reaps it in March and April. Then follow bad months for the farmer, for he has no work to do. The ground becomes hot and dry, and nothing can be grown. The farmer leads an idle life looking after his bullocks, cows and buffaloes. It is only when the monsoon break in the month of July that he has again a busy time.

He works from morning till evening in his field. He gets up before dawn, works till sunset in the fields, and goes to bed when night falls. His wife and children also help him a lot in his work. He lives with great difficulty even when there are good crops, but if the crops fail, great troubles come upon him.

No one can deny that the peasant forms the backbone of a nation. He grows for the whole country. And yet this man, who is perhaps the most useful working member of society, is exploited by the rich. It is our duty to make his life better and happier than what it is today and to grant him the social status he deserves.


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